jueves, 10 de noviembre de 2022

PECCO BAGNAIA WINS MOTOGP WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP 2022 : A HISTORICAL AND VERY IMPORTANT VICTORY FOR DUCATI

 Text and Pictures : José Manuel Serrano Esparza                                          

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Pecco Bagnaia (Ducati ) has won the MotoGP World Championship 2022 after fulfilling an extraordinary second half of season, beating the French rider Fabio Quartararo, after recovering him 91 points in the standings.                                                                  

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The Ducati´s rider from Turin (Italy) has put in an exceptional 2022 campaign, winning nothing less than seven races (Jerez de la Frontera, Mugello, Holland, Great Britain, Austria, San Marino and Malaysia), as well as adding a runner-up in the Aragón GP and two third positions in Thailand and Australia. 

Therefore, fifteen years after nailing its first MotoGP World Championship in 2007 with Casey Stoner and that wild and exceedingly fast Ducati Desmosedici GP7 featuring 800 cc created by the engineer Filippo Preziosi,                                                                

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the Italian motorcycling firm based at Borgo Panigale (Bologna) has achieved its second title in the motorcycling queen category, thanks to a very efficient symbiosis between Pecco Bagnaia (who has proved to be the best Ducaty official factory pilot, with an impressive progression and above all an extraordinary adaptation to the Ducati Desmosedici GP22) and the top class Ducati Corse Team with Gigi Dall´Igna (General Manager), Paolo Ciabatti (Sporting Director), Davide Barana (Technical Director), Davide Tardozzi (Team Manager), Cristian Gabarrini (Track Engineer), Marco Ventura (Pecco Bagnaia´s Chief of Mechanics) and Edoardo Lenoci (Aerodynamic Development Director) as most visible figures.                                                 

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This MotoGP title just conquered by Ducati means the golden brooch to nine years of strenuous efforts made by Gigi Dall´Igna as creative mind at Ducati Corse Team´s helm to carry through the goal crafted by Claudio Domenicali (Ducati´s CEO and a very brilliant engineer who along with Massimo Bordi and Pierre Terblanche gave birth to the amazing single cylinder Ducati Supermono 550 cc in 1993, having subsequently been at the helm of Ducati since 2013 and the man who has managed to obtain the greatest international expansion of Ducati regarding sales in the whole history of the brand) : to win the MotoGP World Championship again and revive the old laurels reached in 2007, which has been utterly accomplished with this MotoGP 2022 trophy just racked up. 

Needless to say that the Borgo Panigale brand has made a great economical investment to get that aim since 2013, year in which it hired Gigi Dall´Igna as new Ducati Corse General Manager, in addition to having had six official factory riders for nine seasons (Andrea Dovizioso, Andrea Iannone, Jorge Lorenzo, Danilo Petrucci, Jack Miller and Pecco Bagnaia). 

This is also a particularly praiseworthy triumph, because Ducati Corse top brass, very experienced men in the scope of the competition at the highest level, were fully aware since the beginning of 2022 season that with Marc Márquez still recovering from his arm injury, the best pilot was Fabio Quartararo. 

But with remarkable wisdom and ability to read victory options in the MotoGP 2022 World Championship,                                                               

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Ducati Corse trusted entirely on Pecco Bagnaia, an extraodinary pilot oozing talent who is the one having better adapted to the Ducati Desmosedici GP22, by far the best and most advanced MotoGP bike ever made, thanks to the tremendous knowledge, experience, passion, incredible creativeness, technological resources of all kind and masterful ability of steadfast innovation shown by the genius Gigi Dall´Igna, main architect along with Pecco Bagnaia of this second MotoGP title won by Ducati.                                                    

                                                           Pecco Bagnaia´s Ducati Desmosedici´s GP22 inside the Ducati box. © jmse

And this superb adaptation of Pecco Bagnaia to the Ducati Desmosedici dream machine created by the Genius from Thiene has been a key factor in the great success of Ducati in this 2022 season,                                                          

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since Bagnaia is only 25 years old and his headway has been meteoric, he is highly motivated and will keep on being one of the favourite riders to win the MotoGP World Championship again throughout the next years. 

Because before his arrival at MotoGP, Bagnaia had his own riding style that had enabled him to exhibit stunning class and skill, as when he achieved in 2016 his first victory in Moto3 with the Aspar Mahindra Team at Assen Circuit (Holland) in a hard fight up to the last meter with Fabio Giannantonio (Honda), or his great battles in Moto2 in 2018 at Losail Circuit (Qatar) integrated within the Sky Racing Team VR46 against Lorenzo Baldassarri ( Go & Fun Gresini Moto3), whom he managed to beat after having been overtaken in the next-to-last corner, and against Miguel Oliveira (Red Bull KTM) at the Austrian Circuit that same year. 

And his 8 victories and 12 podiums in the Moto2 World Championship 2018 made him be promoted to MotoGP with the Ducati Desmosedici of the Alma Pramac Racing Team (a Ducati´s satellite team) in 2019.                                                          

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Gigi Dall´Igna knew Pecco Bagnaia´s great virtues as a pilot and his riding style, but he was specially interested in his great potential of adaptation to his formidable Desmosedici prototypes sporting a V4 90º 1000 cc engine. 

This way, after a hard year 2019 in which Bagnaia didn´t win either any race or get any podium (his best places were 4th at the Australian GP and 7th at Austria, not being among the first ten positions in the rest of MotoGP contests that year), the October 2020 Thailand MotoGP became a turning point, because the Italian pilot started to change both his riding technique (which he had kept since his Moto2 and Moto3 times) and the setup of his Ducati bike, trying to optimize its performance, following the advice of Gigi Dall´Igna, Davide Barana, Cristian Gabarrini ( Bagnaia´s Track engineer) and the chief engineers of Ducati Corse, particularly Massimo Bartolini (Vehicle Performance Engineer), Riccardo Savin (Chassis and Vehicle Dynamics Engineer) and Gabriele Conti (Electronic Systems Manager), which told him blatantly that it was the only way to evolve, be more competitive and be able to win the MotoGP World Championship as soon as possible.                                                                        

                                                                                                                                              © jmse                                                                                                                                     

Since then, Pecco Bagnaia worked intensively, managing to develop a new riding style which has wholly adapted to the Ducati Desmosedici GP21 and Ducati Desmosedici GP22 created by Gigi Dall´Igna, to such an extent that he improved significantly his results in 2021 and achieved nothing more than four consecutive victories (1st in Aragón, 1st in San Marino, 1st in Algarve and 1st in Valencia), three runner-ups (in the Portugal GP, Jerez de la Frontera and Austria) and a third position in Qatar. 

Bagnaia was the first MotoGP Ducati pilot to get the aforementioned four victories in a row, a historical milestone distinctly showing his worth.                                                                                                  

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But first and foremost, Ducati has found in Pecco Bagnaia the man able to minimize the great Achiles heel of every MotoGP Ducati bike since the Borgo Panigale firm arrived at the competition in 2003: the cornering and the speed inside the bends, traditionally inferior and slower than Yamahas, Hondas and Suzukis.                                                                                         

                                                                                                                                              © jmse 

Bagnaia is a very special rider, drawing the most of the amazing braking stability of the Ducati Desmosedici GP22                                                                  

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and leverages the speed and acceleration of the V4 at 90º 1000 cc desmodromic engine to do the turnings a bit earlier, attaining a higher speed within the curves than the rest of pilots riding Ducati bikes taking part in MotoGP.                                                                         

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That´s to say, at the moment, aside from the tremendous power, top speed, instant acceleration and sensational braking ability (which have always been Ducati´s strong points),                                                       

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Bagnaia has hugely reduced distances with the Yamaha YZR-M1, Honda RC213V (which isn´t presently among the best bikes cornering at all, but Marc Márquez´s immense natural talent makes it be very fast inside the bends), Suzuki GSX-RR and KTM R16 (with the advantage of its highly sensitive stainless-steel tubular Trellis frame featuring control of rigidity variations and astounding lightness) regarding speed within the curves.                                                                

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This has been decisive in the MotoGP 2022 World Championship won by Ducati, because Bagnaia is faster inside the corners than the rest of MotoGP riders using Ducati motorcycles, and at the end of them, he takes advantage of the astonishing instant acceleration of the V4 90º 1000 cc around 280 hp desmodromic engine, which brings about the bike getting out of the bends like a shot, attaining much higher top speed on the straights than the other bikes from different brands. 

And this is a Ducati Corse´s outstanding achievement, because Gigi Dall´Igna, fully cognizant that the MotoGP riding technique is in constant evolution                                                        

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has convinced Pecco Bagnaia that he believed in him to the utmost and also in his prowess to squeeze the most out of the Ducati Desmosedici GP22 to obtain much more speed inside the curves, which has enormously raised Bagnaia´s morale, unbridled enthusiasm and fighting spirit, in synergy with the pep talkings given to him by Paolo Ciabatti, a very experienced man excelling at gaining  great psychological insight and rapport with riders,                                      

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who has imbued the pilot from Turin with extraordinary motivation, mental strength and how important is for Ducati to beat the respected Japanese brands in motorcycling at the highest level, something that was already made by Ducati legendary riders like Mike Hailwood (who being 38 years old was able to win the Isle of Man TT Formula 1 in 1978, after an absence of 11 years, on an V-Twin bevel-gear desmodromic Ducati 900 Super Sport, clearly defeating all the four-cylinder Honda bikes, including Phil Read) and C. Stoner, who won the MotoGP 2007 World Championship with the Ducati Desmosedici GP7 racking up 10 races and overcoming Dani Pedrosa (Honda) and Valentino Rossi (Yamaha), without forgetting the 14 World SBK Ducati has won hitherto, reigning supreme in this competition.      

In addition, Davide Tardozzi, Team Manager of Ducati Corse featuring a great experience as a rider in top competition and tremendous racing insight (he attained a third position in the 1988 first World SBK riding a Bimota YB4 with Yamaha engine, winning five races, was SBK 750 cc Europe Champion in 1991 and seven times Italy Champion of Superbikes, in addition to having been Racing Team Manager of Ducati Corse between 1992 and 2009, with a significant role in the World SBK titles attained by Carl Fogarty, Troy Corser, James Toseland and Troy Bayliss and then Official Racing Team Director of BMW Motorrad in the 2010 World SBK Championship),  has infused Bagnaia with a very competitive frame of mind and a wide range of valuable advice.                                    

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Therefore, Bagnaia gets higher speed in corners than Andrea Dovizioso, Jorge Lorenzo and Danilo Petrucci at their best with Ducati, and is likewise faster within bends than Jack Miller, Enea Bastianini, Johann Zarco and Jorge Martín, since he is able to brake very late, more strongly and smoothly at the same time, has got a great feeling with the bike and leverages his curve entry speed to turn his Ducati Desmosedici GP22 in the best possible way to cross it in the shortest feasible time.                                                                                               

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This is extremely difficult, because it requires to attain an optimum bike balance inside the bends, but Bagnaia manages to do it making the most of both tyres grip within the curves

And this reveals one of the greatest values of sporting motorcyling which has been preserved until nowadays : in spite of the huge technological breakthroughs as to traction control, electronics, aerodynamics and so forth, the rider, his feelings and his performance on the motorcycle go on being the most important factor, as has been proved for years by Marc Márquez, riding a very abrupt Honda RC213V that could only be tamed by him, and winning six MotoGP World Championships between 2013 and 2019, victories that highly probably couldn´t have been achieved without him by the Hamamatsu Japanese company. 

It must also be highlighted that the feedback from Jorge Lorenzo ( a real precision metronome who was for many years the best cornering MotoGP pilot with his Yamaha YZR-M1) throughout the two seasons he was with them (2017 and 2018) has been important in the evolution of the Ducatis Desmosedici bikes brought into existence by Gigi Dall´Igna, to such an extent that there is a certain resemblance of trajectories inside bends between Pecco Bagnaia on his Ducati Desmosedici GP22 and the ones made by Jorge Lorenzo on the Ducatis Desmosedici GP17 and GP18, though with different styles. 

On the other hand, the new Michelin back tyre that has been used in MotoGP since 2020 doesn´t allow to slide with it on cornering to turn the bike before its apex, as was done by Dovizioso, because it has more grip than the previous ones and it is necessary to adapt the riding style to take advantage of it                                             

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   as Pecco Bagnaia does                                                                        

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Besides, Pecco Bagnaia has made great strides in the front bike stability, an aspect also accomplished by him to improve times, something more risky than doing it with the back area, since it is more difficult to save a front sliding than a rear one.                                                                 

                                                                                                                                            © jmse                                                                                                                                                                        

Id est, from the viewpoint of making the most of the bike performance potential, among the eight MotoGP pilots riding Ducati Desmosedici bikes, it seems apparent that Pecco Bagnaia is the reference-class man, going faster almost in every area of the circuits : He is the one braking more strongly and with more efficiency, accuracy and simultaneous smoothness, he is the pilot better understanding the bike, the one entering the fastest on the corners and reaching the highest speed within them, particularly standing out in the transition from braking to cornering, during which he keeps the same position on the bike, instead of a position when he brakes and another one when he is inside the curves, as happens with many riders. 

A clear example of all of this was the extraordinary start made by Pecco Bagnaia at the beginning of the Malaysia 2022 MotoGP race, initiating his march being ninth on the grid and advancing very fast, gaining a lot of positions, braking later than the rest of pilots on approaching the first curve and moving up into second on corner exit with a great acceleration. 

Bagnaia took a lot of risks with that breathtaking start. He knew that the 2022 MotoGP World Cup was at stake, and showed staggering proficiency, courage and cold blood, in addition to confirming the fabulous performance of the Ducati Desmosedici GP22 in acceleration and braking. 

GIGI DALL´ IGNA, A TRUE GENIUS FIGHTING TOOTH AND NAIL AGAINST ALL THE MOTOGP JAPANESE BIKES 

                                      

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Gigi Dall ´Igna (General Manager of Ducati Corse and presently by far the greatest genius creating MotoGP bikes in the world) has literally driven the Japanese mad since 2015 with his colossal talent, brainstorms, technological resources of all kind, unutterable ingenuity, introduction of aerodynamics as a very important side in MotoGP and a significant increase of the factory / circuit interaction and the communication among riders, mechanics and engineers, in the same way as the degree of commitment of all the Ducati Corse staff and their cohesion as a group searching for victory. 

And it´s no wonder, because prior to his arrival at Ducati in 2013, he had already developed in Aprilia an impressive 22-year career as a designer of sporting motorcycles, tenure during which he won nothing less than 47 world titles in different categories : 22 in 125 cc (twelve riders champions and ten of constructors), 20 in 250 cc (ten of pilots and ten of constructors) and five in the Superbikes World Championship (two of riders and three of constructors). 

As a matter of fact, during his stage as Director of the Aprilia Competition Department, Gigi Dall ´ Igna created the extraordinary Aprilia RSV4 with which Max Biaggi won two World SBK titles in 2010 and 2012 and whose superb narrow V4-cylinder engine, able to deliver a power of 210 hp and propel the bike up to 330 km/h, was a wonder of compactness and timing system layout sophistication, as well as featuring a monolithic base utterly integrating the cylinder sleeves, which were superficially hardened with a galvanic treatment of silicon carbides and a nickel matrix, resulting in an amazing lightweight of the powerplant. 

This Aprilia RSV4 was a real landmark in terms of power output, miniaturization and low weight, reaching the figure of 13,500 rpm in the road version and 15,000 rpm in the Superbike one, as well as featuring a variable geometry frame in synergy with the 65º cylinders angle

That´s to say, Gigi Dall´Igna´s know-how before arriving at Ducati in 2013 was huge and he was already considered as one of the best creators of sporting bikes and engines on earth,  enjoyed a very comfortable position in Aprilia and his change to Ducati implied a raft of risks, because Ducati had been without winning a MotoGP race for three years, and Marc Márquez (Honda) and Jorge Lorenzo (Yamaha) were much stronger than Ducati at the time being. 

                                                                                        

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But with commendable professionalism and perseverance, Gigi Dall ´ Igna managed to return Ducati to the path of victory since 2015 (year in which Andrea Iannone and Dovizioso could win in Austria and Malaysia, after a draught of six years without victories for Ducati since Stoner´s victory in Phillip Island 2010), to such an extent that he has conquered until now four second places in MotoGP (Andrea Dovizioso in 2017, 2018 and 2019 and Pecco Bagnaia in 2021) and the MotoGP World Championship 2022 title just conquered by Pecco Bagnaia, in addition to four MotoGP constructors titles (2020, 2021, 2022 and 2023).                                                  

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This is something deserving great accolades, since Ducati is a relatively small firm oozing craftsmanship mentality in everything they do ( 80% of the components of the bikes it makes are manually assembled) and manufactures roughly 59,000 bikes per year, whereas Honda makes 17 millions, Yamaha 4 millions and Suzuki 2 millions                                                   

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Moreover, Ducati Corse is a human group unswervingly working to find new solutions, with an approach and philosophy completely different to the way in which Japanese do it. 

They haven´t got the power of other brands with much more wherewithal and cash flow to be invested on R & D, so they have to think in other ways, develop a great ingenuity and be highly innovative.                 

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On the other hand, Ducati holds onto its main hallmark : its legendary desmodromic distribution system

                       

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standing out because of its great reliability, even at the highest rpm, operating the engine valves not with the traditional springs, but with a double cam system, one of which opens the valve ( to allow the entrance of air and fuel generating combustion) and then it is closed by the other one.                                                                        

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This entails that the desmodromic engine works much better and with far superior precision, because a laudable accuracy is attained in the movements of opening and closing, whose fruit is being able to preserve a great power and very high torque at the fastest rpm.                                                       

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Marco Ventura, Pecco Bagnaia´s Chief Mechanic, posing next to the Ducati Desmosedici GP22 inside the Ducati Corse MotoGP box. 

He is nowadays probably the greatest expert in the world on desmodromic mechanics, in addition to being General Coordinator and Tutor of the MotoSport Technical School Moto Racing Course.

The huge complexity of the desmodromic mechanics and its tuning requires highly experienced professionals with very deep knowledge and talent like Marco Ventura and his team of mechanics made up by Ivan Brandi, Massimo Tognacci, Lorenzo Canestrari, Tommaso Peli and others) who work with praiseworthy accuracy, speed, passion and incredible thoroughness in everything they do, having the utter trust of both pilots and engineers                                                           

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It´s a toiling labour needing not only vast knowledge and experience, but also to often be on the brink of exhaustion, particularly during the tiring weekends of MotoGP races all over the world, when top-notch Ducati mechanics have to frequently stay inside the boxes for many hours, even during complete nights, handling a wide assortment of highly reliable tools, and enduring tremendous levels of pressure and stress, always to the limit and with very little time, to optimize the engines performance, transfer the rider´s feelings to different bike setups and have the bikes ready in the best possible conditions for the competition that will start a few hours later, because each detail is of paramount significance. 

                                                  


Ducati is the most iconic motorcycling brand in history, and the most important one from a diachronic viewpoint, along with Honda. 

It is fascinating that all the engines of modern Ducati bikes, both the V-Twin and the V4 ones taking part in the Superbikes World Championship and in MotoGP, are an evolution of the L 90º configuration powerplant of the Ducati Pantah 500 designed by Fabio Taglioni in 1979, with a combustion chamber created by Gianluigi Mengoli and first model incorporating a camshaft driven by a toothed neoprene belt instead of the bevel gears used until then.

Before the arrival of Gigi Dall´Igna at Ducati in 2013, the Ducatis Desmosedici had been very fierce and difficult to handle bikes, with great acceleration power, tremendous top speed on straights and great braking, but very slow while cornering.                                                                                                    

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Therefore, the Genius from Thiene´s great merit has been to manage to beget much more rideable Ducati MotoGP desmodromic bikes, with increasingly smaller and more efficient engines, keeping the aforementioned qualities, but adding among a myriad of improvements nine fundamental, greatly accomplished by Gigi Dall ´ Igna : 

a) A better and better cornering, which has reached his peak with Pecco Bagnaia, at the moment able to compete one on one against the rest of MotoGP riders inside the curves. 

b) To achieve that the MotoGP Ducati Desmosedici bikes can be driven by pilots with different styles and riding skills, as for instance Bagnaia and Miller.                                                

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c) The most advanced MotoGP aerodynamics, which Ducati started in 2015 with the introduction of a wide variety of front lateral wings that have been evolving as time went by and have proved their efficiency (despite some people said it was pure marketing), as well as providing the front end with more stability, generating a bigger aerodynamic load enabling that the whole bike, including the front area, be at every moment in contact with the ground, avoiding the wheelies, increasing the engine drive and getting more speed, both in straights and on cornering, to such an extent that all the other MotoGP teams have tried to copy Gigi Dall´Igna´s idea to a greater or lesser degree and have installed wings of their own in their bikes.  

Ducati was pioneer in the development of aerodynamics in MotoGP with the highly experienced in Formula 1 British engineer Alan Jenkins, who worked at Borgo Panigale in 2007 ( he was instrumental for the triumph of the Ducati GP7 in MotoGP that year),                                                

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but Gigi Dall´Igna has implemented a quantum leap in this sphere between 2015 and now, it has more and more presence,                                          

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and Ducati is greatly at the forefront of this aspect, because Gigi Dall ´ Igna and Edoardo Lenoci always find the most efficient aerodynamic solutions, in spite of the difficulties to install different winglets and other devices in a bike constantly changing its angle with respect to the vertical.     
                                             
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It must also be underlined within this field the CFD (Computerized Fluid Dynamics) digital technology that is being used by Edoardo Lenoci (Director of Aerodynamic Development at Ducati Corse) in the development of the fairings of the Ducati Desmosedici MotoGP bikes and that is able to simulate with amazing accuracy in a computer the track conditions and the way in which the air flow makes contact with the bike, data that are leveraged to get an extraordinary aerodynamic tuning, different for each circuit and able to yield very efficient levels of aerodynamic downforce, something deserving accolades, since the aerodynamic aspects of MotoGP prototype bikes are much more complex than in Formula 1, because the gravity center is in constant movement and the quantity of sensations experienced by a bike rider is much higher. 

d) The ´ holeshot ´ , a gadget created by Dall ´ Igna in 2018 and giving a substantial advantage in the starts of races, making the bikes advance faster and gaining positions, because it is a mechanical gimmick compressing the rear shock absorber before the start and prevents the front wheel from raising up during accelerations, so a very valuable time is gained, since both wheels of the bike are at every moment in contact with the tarmac and tractioning. 

This has meant a revolution in MotoGP, becuse the ´ holeshot ´ goes far beyond than the customary use of electronics to avoid wheelies when the rider feels unstability. 

Though the rest of MotoGP brands have created their own ´ holeshots ´ , Ducati is greatly at the forefront here, and has extended its use to the front wheel, as well as being making exhaustive tests to also use it during different stretches of the races, because a new technological breakthrough is beginning to be glimpsed at Borgo Panigale that perhaps would enable the riders to modify at will the bike geometry before entering each curve. 

e) To hugely strengthen the human relationship established with the pilots as a key element for success.                              

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f) To turn the MotoGP Ducatis Desmosedici (which until 2015 worked only in some circuits) into winning bikes on all kind of tracks. 

g) Continuous tests with new fairings optimizing the bike performance in the track, allowing the biggest possible symbiosis with the aerodynamic wings, whose main mission is to divert the air flow from an original horizontal direction to an upwards new one, which generates a force in the fairings surfaces, bringing about that the front wheel is in permanent contact with the floor, avoiding any kind of wheelie. 

Whatever it may be, the drawback of the wings is that to a greater or lesser degree they increase drag, making lose some speed,                                                                  

                                                                                                                                            © Ducati 

and here, once more, Gigi Dall´Igna´s immense talent comes into play, because he is a seasoned expert evaluating both how much load you can give the bike without losing too much of the aerodynamic penetration of the vehicle (simultaneously preserving most of it) and synergizing fairings and aerodynamics to cool oil, water, engine, brakes and tyres as much as possible.                                                                        

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h) A new and highly powerful state-of-the-art computational technology optimizing the rider performance during each race, analyzing a massive quantity of data, and making possible tothoroughly study a number of parameters and discover things that went unnoticed until now, particularly regarding bike and tyres dynamics, as well as being very useful to evolve the engine architecture and make feasible the transmission of up to 350 data gigabytes of all kind from each race.                                 

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As a matter of fact, the Ducati Desmosedici GP22 has more than sixty sensors constantly analyzing a host of factors, among them the brakes temperatures and the engine behaviour, in flawless symbiosis with a specific software looking for improvable aspects, in addition to analyzing the up to 350 gigabytes of data during each race, a massive quantity of information that is handled by NetApp, a top-notch manufacturer of storage devices.                                                                                  

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This revolutionary technology that goes far beyond the possibilities of the best electronic control units and is managed by a team of engineers in symbiosis with a complete infrastructure of Lenovo servers used in circuit and the virtual desktop, is allowing Ducati (thanks to a very sophisticated ability of transmitting a massive quantity of data in real time making a difference, in the same way as the manner of interpreting them) to fulfill highly accurate simulations as to its desmodromic engines fluid dynamics and the aerodynamics, which results in top-notch tunings and setups of motorcyclings, in addition to calibrating the bikes in a flawless way even in the smallest details for their optimal performance on the circuits. 

i) The ´ spoon ´ , an aerodynamic component attached to the swingarm and designed to cool the rear wheel. It works bringing fresh air into the space between the swingarm and the wheel, by directing the airflow against the rear wheel and therefore allows for significant cooling of the rear wheel, which improves both grip and tyre wear.                                                                           

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Because Gigi Dall´Igna´s Ducatis Desmosedici bikes are true masterpieces featuring gorgeous design and beauty, in addition to being the most technologically advanced MotoGP motorcycles ever made,                                                                         

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winning and very efficient bikes in every area, so they are the most complete, though it shouldn´t be forgotten the major advances made by Suzuki with its MotoGP GSX-RR, a reference-class bike regarding extraordinary agility and quickness cornering, which has experienced relevant improvements in chassis. 

Already five years ago, in 2017, Ducati had chances of winning the MotoGP World Championship with an Andrea Dovizioso in top shape (he won six races), but a very strong Marc Márquez (one of the best riders in the history of the queen category along with Giacomo Agostini, Mick Doohan and Valentino Rossi) avoided it. 

Those were years in which was likewise laudable the labour of two world-class test pilots : C. Stoner and Michele Pirro, whose work was instrumental for gleaning very valuable data for the evolution of the MotoGP Ducatis Desmosedici between 2014 and presently

And after the departure of Andrea Dovizioso and Danilo Petrucci,                                                                                                      

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Ducati seems to have got it right since 2021 with the hiring of Pecco Bagnaia as official factory Ducati MotoGP rider, as proved by the Moto GP runner-up won last year by Pecco Bagnaia and this MotoGP World Championship also won by him. 

Whatever it may be, Pecco Bagnaia and Ducati have their feet on the ground and are completely aware that the MotoGP World Championship is a competition won most times by Japanese, so they are not going to rest on their laurels at all and opt for being humble, though very proud of what they have achieved,                                                                           

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because to beat the Japanese in a MotoGP World Championship is something of extreme difficulty and by far the biggest challenge in competition motorcycling. 

Anyway, Pecco Bagnaia´s victory in the Malaysia Grand Prix in which the 2022 MotoGP World Championship won by Ducati was greatly decided, had a MotoGP world title flavour that began with the dazzling start made by the rider from Turin. 

And the whole Ducati Corse staff (Board of Directors, riders, mechanics, engineers and so on) are with a very high morale, not only because of the victory this year 2022, but because they are convinced that Ducati can win more MotoGP World Championships in the next years, since they have got two pilots able to do it ( Pecco Bagnaia and Enea Bastianini — Jack Miller is a great rider who has brilliantly won some MotoGP races like his back-to-back victories in Jerez and Le Mans in 2021 and at the Japanese Grand Prix in 2022, as well as having previously accomplished the feat of making the move directly from Moto3 to the top class in 2015, but hasn´t been able to become a consistent challenger to the MotoGP title hitherto — ) and other highly competitive pilots in satellite teams like Jorge Martín (Pramac Racing), Johann Zarco (Pramac Racing) and M. Bezzecchi (VR46 Racing Team) that can win races. 

That´s to say, Ducati is increasingly going beyond itself, improving in every conceivable side                                               

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It has currently the best MotoGP bikes, it is by far the most advanced motorcycling firm in technology, electronics and aerodynamics, and albeit it hasn´t got the two best riders in the world at the moment (Fabio Quartararo and Marc Márquez if he comes back to the level he had before his accident), the adaptation of Pecco Bagnaia (winner of 11 MotoGP races) and Enea Bastianini (who has won 4 MotoGP races) to the Ducatis Desmosedici created by Gigi Dall ´ Igna is being excellent, so for the first time in its history within the motorcycling queen category,                                                                

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Ducati will be again a clear challenger to conquer not only the next MotoGP 2023 World Championship but also the ones disputed during the following years                                          


Because this MotoGP World Championship won by Ducati is probably going to become a turning point in the competition ( with constant technological breakthroughs introduced above all by Ducati, and a mechanical and aerodynamic war among the different brands), very open from now on, with some riders who can win it (specially Bagnaia, Bastianini, Quartararo, Marc Márquez if he is fit and Áleix Espargaró, whose progression in Aprilia has been extraordinary, including his spectacular victory in the 2022 Argentina GP, after a sensational duel with Jorge Martín). 

And evidence clearly suggests that with Pecco Bagnaia and Andrea Bastianini as official factory riders in 2023, Ducati will have two great challengers to win more MotoGP World Championships.                             

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Perhaps this second MotoGP World Championship highly deservedly racked up by Ducati is ushering in something unimaginable only five years ago : a new cycle of some consecutive seasons of MotoGP World Championship dominated by the Italian motorcycle firm from Borgo Panigale, Bologna. 

And with this milestone victory, it seems apparent that Ducati has set the tone regarding  how MotoGP will be during the upcoming years

Bravissimo Pecco ! 

Forza Ducati !